2008 ACC/AHA/HRS Guidelines for Device-Based Therapy of Cardiac Rhythm Abnormalities

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The Guidelines for Device-Based Therapy of Cardiac Rhythm Abnormalities document updates the previous version published in 2002. This revision covers:

  • major studies on bradyarrhythmias and tachyarrhythmias, which may be treated optimally with device therapy;
  • changes in the management of heart failure that involve both drug and device therapy; and
  • advances in the technology of devices to treat, delay, and even prevent morbidity and mortality from bradyarrhythmias, tachyarrhythmias, and heart failure.