An update to this document was published in 2017 and is available at this link.
May 13, 2009 — An international team of device and lead management experts from North America and Europe wrote this 2009 consensus document on the management of leads in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). Central to this effort was a focus on transvenous lead extraction, including standards for training and for the evaluation of new tools and techniques.
May 5, 2011 — Developed as a joint project with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), and in collaboration with the American Heart Association (AHA) and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), a diverse panel of experts in pacemaker and defibrillator management focused on medical procedures that might interfere with Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs) function.
May 13, 2015 - The current document is developed from the foundations established by the 2008 HRS Consensus Statement as well as the 2012 International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiography and European Heart Rhythm Association’s Expert Consensus Statement on Remote Monitoring of CIEDs. The goals of follow-up, definition of hardware, and personnel remain the same and will not be covered in this document except where evolution of remote technologies and responsibilities has occurred. The current document provides new recommendations based on data published since 2008, endorsing the need to maintain consistent follow-up, and outlining the limitations of strictly in-person methods.
The topic covered by this document includes the monitoring of CIEDs with a description of the technology, indications for use, personnel involved in monitoring and the frequency and types of monitoring events. Also covered are issues in regard to data management, regulatory environments, reimbursement and ethical considerations in respect to device inactivation.